Intellectual Property is a product of creative and inventive activity of human mind. Intellectual Property is akin to any other movable or immovable property. In the sense, the right to its use is vested with the owner or its transferee and if the right is enjoyed by any other person without the permission of the owner of the property, it would amount to infringement. The owner of such an Intellectual Property can make use of the property for commercial exploitation and also prohibit infringement by others. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has recognised some of these areas in which “Intellectual Property Rights” can be sought:
- Innovations/ inventions in science, technology, agriculture, medicine.
- Achievements in literature, performing arts like music, drama, and painting.
- Industrial designs, computer software, design of integrated circuits.
- Trademarks, service marks and commercial names.
Intellectual Property Rights entitle the owner with the rights of commercial exploitation of these properties without any fear of unfair competition or infringement.
VARIOUS FORM OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTIES
- Industrial design
- Geographical indication
- Layout design of integrated circuits
- Trade secrets
- Plant variety protection.
Protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) plays a key role in gaining an advantageous potion in these days of competition for technology advancement and consequent economic growth. Information on various technological advancements should be disseminated to the users of technology to increase the pace of development in the country. Thus, a culture to make aware of development of technology to pertinent users is essential. This has become more pronounced in the present day global economy with so many international agreements and obligations in the fields of IPR in the World Trade Organisation (WTO) regime.
A lot of information regarding innovation/ invention is to be provided at the time of filling the patent for making proper claims and to get protection against infringement. This makes patent information a large single source of technical information in the world today. But access to this information and other facilities related to IPR are not adequately available in the academic and other institutions in India. As a first step in this direction, to provide patent related services, particularly to the S&T community, Patent Information Centre (PIC) has been established in the Arunachal Pradesh State Council for Science & Technology, Itanagar in 2011 under the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India support and technical guidance of Patent Facilitating Centre, Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), Department of Science & Technology, Government of India, New Delhi.
ARUNACHAL PRADSESH enjoys large diversity of ethnic communities and bio-resources. The ethnic population fully depends on nature and possess tremendous knowledge on utilization of the various species of flora and fauna found around the diverse topographical and climatic conditions. The ethnic populace inhabiting in indifferent parts of the state lead an intricate life depending totally on forest resources for all their requirements ranging from food, fuel, fodder, dyeing, housing, healthcare etc. The indigenous knowledge systems associated with the ethnic population of the state possesses high potential for undertaking systematic, scientific studies to bring out the age-old information on utilization of natural resources. Documentation of indigenous knowledge systems of the tribal people in the state would address the IPR related issues and revitalization of the traditional utilization practices thereby protecting it from being infringed, lost. Towards generating awareness, addressing the IPR related issues and facilitation of information on patent and patenting, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, New Delhi has supported setting up of a Patent Information Centre (PIC) at Arunachal Pradesh State Council for Science and Technology, Itanagar. The cell has started functioning from 1st of October, 2011 to render IPR related services among Science & Technology community.
OBJECTIVES OF PIC
- To create awareness about IPRs, especially patents, in the state and neighbouring regions of this centre.
- To enable patent searches for universities, industries, government department, and R&D Institutions in the state and neighbouring areas.
- To guide inventors in respect of patenting their inventions.
ACTIVITIES OF PIC
- Organizing awareness programmes (by arranging lectures by exerts in the field) and workshop in school, colleges, technical institutions, universities etc.
- Helping in patent searches.
- Facilitating filling of patent applications, identifying patent agents/ attorneys etc.
SUMMARY OF PROGRESS
The establishment of Patent Information Centre at Arunachal Pradesh State Council for Science and Technology was sanctioned by the TDT Division, DST, and GOI during September, 2010.
Establishment of the Patent Information Centre was initiated during November, 2010 with the appointment of the Project Scientist, selected by conducting walk-in-interview.
Separate accommodation for housing the PIC was created within the office of Arunachal Pradesh State Council for Science & Technology with the view to maintain some sort of secrecy towards patent searching and other information.
Required and sanctioned equipments, computer, software and furniture were procured and internet connectivity made for operation of the PIC.
The project scientist was deputed for attending training conducted by PFC, TIFAC at New Delhi for acquiring know how for running the PIC, patent searchers, filing etc. through hands on training. During the training the project scientist attended two workshops in Hisar and Sisar, Haryana, organised by Department of Biotechnology Chaudhary Devilal University supported by TIFAC.
Indian version of Patent search software CD ROMs namely Ekaswa “A”, “B” and “C” were procured from TIFAC and installed. Online subscription for Data search through Micropat and STN was initiated.
The project scientist was deputed for attending the “Refresher Course on IPR” at Institute of Seismological Research, Raison, Gandhinagar during 23rd to 25th May, 2012 organized by Gujarat Council on Science and Technology, supported by Dept. of Science & Technology, Govt. of India. Recently Project scientist was deputed for attending 3(three) day Advance workshop on IPR Management jointly organised by PFC-TIFAC and DRDO at NASC Complex ,ICAR, Pusa Road New Delhi.
Secondary information available on indigenous knowledge system associated with different tribes of Arunachal Pradesh on utilization of various plant species used for traditional healthcare practices, food have been documented. Database of the important plant species have been prepared based on the secondary information gathered.
Steps initiated for exploring the agricultural, natural products, indigenously manufactured goods, handicrafts of different tribes which is unique to the State and can be registered as Geographical Indication and protected. List has been prepared of the identified and probable GI for Arunachal Pradesh.
Information Brochure of the Patent Information Centre has been prepared. Database of the Indian Patents granted during 2007-2011 have been prepared and hard copy of the same has been generated for providing information to users.
Steps initiated for creation of IPR cells in Universities, Institutions in the State. Five institutions, university have been selected and process is in the final stage. The selected institutions are;
- Rajiv Gandhi University, Rono Hills, Doimukh, Itanagar.
- North Eastern Regional Institute of Science & Technology (NERIST), Nirjuli,
- National Institute of Technology, Yupia
- College of Horticulture and Forestry, Pasighat
- Rajiv Gandhi Polytechnic, Itanagar
Five (5) Patent Search carried out and two (2) of inventions sent to Patent Facilitating Centre (PFC) TIFAC for patent filing and two (2) inventions are on line.
Tittle of Inventions is:
- Creative Modification of Aggressive Packed Combining Scheme to Achieve Reasonable Higher Throughtput and good conclusively Better Efficiency.
- First Ever Nobel Implementation Scheme of Perfect Security,: Automatic Variable Key in various Forms.
- Semicircular curved Rhombohedra Passive Micromixer
- Manually Operated Solar Paddy harvester.
- Goggle for Blind(G4B)
- Voltage-keeper Based Robust Flip-Flop for Low Power Application
Field survey on Coptis Teeta Wall (Mishmi Teeta) is complete for Geographical indication in the Anjaw District of A.P.
The two days National level workshop on Intellectual Property Right (IPR) on awareness and importance in growing world was organized on 25th and 26th May 2017 at A. P. Science Centre IG Park by Patent Information Centre (PIC) under Arunachal Pradesh State Council for Science & Technology, Itanagar in collaboration with Technology, Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), Department of Science and Technology, Govt of India, New Delhi. Total of 58 participants from R.G Polytechnic, Scholars from NERIST, RGU and Department of Textile & Handicraft, representatives from NGO”s were participated in this two days workshop. The Resource Persons invited were Dr. Y.D. Panwar, Scientist-E & Head, PFC (TIFAC), Prof. S. K. Jain, DMS, IIT, New Delhi, Dr. Mahuya Hom Choudhary Scientist C, nodal officer, PIC, West Bengal Council of Science & Technology, Kolkata, Dr. R K Barman, Head, S&T Division & Nodal Officer, PIC, The Assam Science Technology & Environment Council (ASTEC) and Dr. N.K.Singh, Examiner of Patent & Design, Patent office, Kolkata
The programme was inaugurated by Shri Bamang Mangha, Chairman, A.P. State Council for Science and Technology, Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh in presence of Er, Gaken Ete, Secretary, Science and Technology, Er. T. Ronya, Director and Member Secretary, A.P. State Council for Science and Technology. Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh
In his welcome address Er. T. Ronya expresses happiness over the expertise of such important issue by the expert from TIFAC, New Delhi for the benefit of the people of Arunachal Pradesh. He urge the scientist who were presence as Resource Person includes, Prof. Jain, Dr. Panwar to extend their support in formulating and implementing such programmes and policies being taken up in the state in future.
Er, Gaken Ete, Secretary, Science and Technology, Govt. of Arunachal Pradesh has emphasised on geographical indications (GI) on plant species, agricultural products, eco-culture and traditional practices of various tribes of Arunachal Pradesh. He said, the department will look forward for more such awareness levels in future in the state which will create more awareness at the grass root level and there are lot of areas for patenting.
Shri. Bamang Mangha, Chairman, A.P. State Council for Science and Technology, Itanagar highlighted on the development of innovative technology in rural based areas for more invention and innovation which can lead to more patent and geographical indications(GI). There are various fields in the state where patenting can be done.
In the Technical session: Prof. Sudhir K Jain has spoken on Innovation and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR)
Lecture on Overview of IPR and case studies and Patentability and developing research vistas using patent information in Universities and R&D Institutes was presented by Dr. Yashawant Dev Panwar.
In her power point presentation Dr. Mahuya Hom Chaudhary has emphasis on Geographical Indications documentation, filing, protection and further role of PIC
On day – II technical session Dr, R K Barman spoke on GI Experience Sharing:,
Dr. N.K.Singh has given topic on Patent System in India and protecting abroad through power point presentation.